“During my 2014 speech, I spoke about cleanliness. It became a movement in the country,” Modi said, adding, “Today, I have another request. By 2 October, the birth anniversary of Dear Bapu (Mahatma Gandhi), I want to urge citizens to give up single-use plastic… Shopkeepers should sell jute and cloth bags.”
Both these pieces of advice are examples of the nudge theory, which encourages a “nudge” in the right direction instead of bans and diktats to effect social change.
The theory is credited with the success of the Modi government’s Swachh Bharat Abhiyan as well as Beti Bachao Beti Padhao campaign. In the Economic Survey released earlier this year, chief economic adviser K.V. Subramanian dedicated an entire chapter to behavioural economics, calling for a “nudge unit” at NITI Aayog.
Modi’s speech Thursday was the first of his current term and his sixth as the Prime Minister. As has been the pattern with him, it was equal parts report card and roadmap as Modi hailed some of his government’s initiatives, like the abrogation of Article 370, and laid out the agenda for the years ahead.
“From 2014-19 (Modi’s first term) was the time to fulfil the people’s ne, and the period starting from 2019 is for the realisation of their aspirations,” Modi said.
His aim, he reiterated, was to ensure minimum government in people’s lives — “na Sarkar ka dabaav, na sarkar ka abhaav (neither pressure from the government nor a vacuum)”— and focus on their “ease of living”.
Among other things, he requested Indians to take their families to at least 15 places within the country by 2022, when India marks 75 years of Independence, to boost tourism. He urged people to visit even those places where hotels and other infrastructure were yet to come up, saying their trips would help create better facilities.
He also weighed in on the rising aspirations of the common Indian — while people would earlier get enthusiastic about just a plan to build a railway station, they now expected optimum service too, Modi claimed.
“Now they ask, when will Vande Bharat Express come to our area? Earlier, the common man aspired for a good mobile phone, but now he talks about data speed. Times are changing and we have to accept it,” he said. “Now is the time to think about the India of the 21st century and how the dreams of the people will be fulfilled. We are following a plan to fulfil the aspirations of new India.”
Within the first 10 weeks of its second term, Modi added, his government has pulled off a series of achievements — nullification of Article 370 and 35A, enactment of a law to criminalise triple talaq, strengthening of anti-terrorist legislation, including the UAPA, among others.
Noting that the abrogation of Article 370 had made “one nation, one Constitution” a reality, he also made a fresh pitch for “one nation, one election”, for simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and state assemblies.
Want to hear experts engage over the big issues of the day? We bring you Talk Point